History Of The
Missouri Partisan Ranger

Humble Missourians, both past and present were hard working and honest people. The vast majority of the inhabitants did not own slaves, nor did they actually condone this.

They were simple people and workers of the land themselves. Most were mere farmers, cattlemen, carpenters, etc. People of great integrity, honor and morals. People who only wanted to raise their families in peace, and enjoy life's bounties to the fullest, and be left out of the Federal scam of domination.

Lincoln sent Federal occupational troops into Missouri. These troops were from Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin. This occupational force raped, pillaged, burned and destroyed much of Western, West Central and Southwest Missouri.

Abraham Lincoln, who has went down in yankee history as one of the greatest Americans ever, has a dark side that many do not know about.

Men such as yankee generals Nathaniel Lyon, Francis P. Blair, Jr. and James Lane of Kansas undermined and sabotage Missouri's autonomy and violate her sacred soil at the behest of Lincoln and his illegal orders. They waged a bloody and ungodly war on thousands of innocent men, women and children.

The Missouri Partisan Rangers were at times the only defense the people of Missouri had from these savage invaders. Without doubt, these so called "armies" were indeed illegal occupational invaders who simply had no right to occupy and violate Missouri's autonomy.

On April 20th, 1861, Lincoln sends an order directing Capt. Nathaniel Lyon (who just happened to be transferred from Fort Riley, Kansas) to muster up to 10,000 men into a force to capture the arsenal in St. Louis, Missouri. Lyon usurps commanding General William Harney's authority in the region to raise his army.

It was on May 10th, 1861, that Lyon and a force of over 7,000 Federal troops marched upon the city to capture the arsenal. To accomplish that, Lyon and his men saw fit to massacre 30+ civilians at Camp Jackson just west of the city. A more heinousness act is hard to fathom.

Among the civilians slaughtered were a girl of fourteen, a twelve year old boy, two fourteen year old boys, one fifteen year old boy and a young mother with her baby in her arms. Three unarmed State Militia prisoners were also killed.

Additionally, a larger number of around 75 civilians were wounded. Father John Bannon described it as a "massacre". This slaughter and abuse of innocent men, women and children was a large part of sealing the fate of Missouri's loyalty.

Lyon was no stranger to massacre and rape, as he participated in the horrific massacre of 200 Pomo Native Americans at Clear Lake , California (later known as "Bloody Island") in May of 1850.

On May 21, 1861, seeing the approaching storm, Union commanding General William Harney enters into an agreement with General Sterling Price, which says that the State Guard will keep peace in Missouri, protecting Union and Southern sympathizers alike, while Harney agrees that no Federal forces would remain or any more enter Missouri's sovereign soil. This became aptly known as the "Price-Harney agreement." This agreement guaranteed that Missouri would stay neutral in the war.    Until...

Lyon and Blair see the Price-Harney agreement as appeasement and Lyon drastically escalates the brutality in the illegally occupied state of Missouri.

On June 11, 1861, Lyon provokes a crisis in Missouri as he goes over Harney's command, under Lincoln's prompting and breaks the Price-Harney agreement of Missouri's neutrality. Lyon invades Jefferson City and sets ablaze a firestorm by revoking the elected government of Missouri.

Upon capture of Jefferson City, Lyon stood in the Capitol and met with duly elected Governor Jackson and General Sterling Price, pointed his finger at them and snarled:

"Rather than concede to the State of Missouri for one single instant the right to dictate to my Government in any manner, however unimportant, I will see you and you and every man woman and child in the State of Missouri dead and buried."

Thereupon Lyon had illegally captured the Capitol in Jefferson City and illegally ousted duly elected Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson, along with his cabinet and captured Missouri State records. Lincoln and Lyons personal ideology of "martial law."

*Note* For all his efforts of desecrating Missouri and her autonomy by all the illegal actions and brutality he invoked; Lyon was honored with six feet of good Missouri soil at the Battle of Wilson's Creek and the distinction of being the first Union General killed in the war. Lyon got his most desired war.

Another outrageously evil atrocity against Missouri came on September 23, 1861 with the Sacking & Massacre of Osceola, Missouri. Kansas jayhawker and junior senator James H. Lane organized 1,200 troops in the Massacre at Osceola, Missouri and killed, plundered and slaughtered innocent men, women and children.

Lane's forces of Jayhawkers murdered at least nine citizens, then pillaged, looted and then burned the town. According to reports many of the Kansans got so drunk that when it came time to leave they were unable to march and had to ride in wagons and carriages. They carried off with them a tremendous load of plunder, including as Lane's personal share a piano and a quantity of silk dresses.

In an atrocity that received little national attention at the time and has been largely ignored by Civil War historians, Jayhawkers, in a two-day frenzy, made sure that nearly every structure in the town was burned, and nine citizens were executed on the public square.

The population of Osceola on Sept. 22, 1861 was between 2,000 and 2,500.

On Sept. 24, 1861, it was 183.

It was then, that Missouri could no longer stay neutral. Missouri was being pressed from East to West - North to South - in a ferocious vice of sheer terror. In response to these illegal acts of terror and war crimes, came the drafting of the Missouri Ordinance Of Secession.

The Missouri Ordinance Of Secession was passed on October 30th, 1861 and signed into law on October 31st, 1861 by Missouri Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson - Missouri's only legitimate wartime governor.

On November 28th, 1861, the Confederate Congress admitted Missouri as the 12th state of the Confederacy.

It was now, that innocent Missourians had enough of the illegal occupation and slaughter that devastated Missouri's citizens and land. Missouri citizens formed groups of State Guard units and most importantly the formation of independent guerrillas properly named Missouri Partisan Rangers to protect themselves and battle the Federal occupational armies along with the terrorists from Kansas.

At this time, yankee Major General Halleck issued his General Order 2, which has become known as "The No Quarter Order" on March 13, 1862.

This order stated plainly that given any member of a Southern guerrilla band, if captured, will not be treated as a prisoner of war - but will be hanged !

Thus, The Missouri Partisan Rangers were given "No Quarter" when they were captured.

And in return, none was given to the enemy of The Missouri Partisan Ranger.

One of the greatest tragedies to befall the citizens of Missouri was the collapse of yankee jail which was a makeshift effort of converting a Kansas City hotel / tavern.

In mid July of 1863, in an effort to destroy the guerrillas' base of support, yankee troops began to arrest Kansas City area women who were suspected of gathering information on the Partisan Ranger's behalf and to detain them until arrangements could be made to transport them out of Kansas City, where they were to stand trial at the now Federal bastion of St. Louis, Missouri for aiding the Partisan Rangers.

All the prisoners were incarcerated into a 3 story building named The Longhorn Store and Tavern located on the site of 1409 Grand Avenue, Kansas City, Missouri.

Incarcerated were Mary and Josephine Anderson who were sisters of Bill Anderson. Arrested along with the Anderson girls were Josie, Caroline and Sally Younger, sisters of Coleman and James Younger.

On August 13, 1863 the 7 year old Longhorn Store and Tavern suddenly and mysteriously collapsed.

Four of the women, Susan Vandever, Armenia Whitsett Selvey, 14 year old Josephine Anderson and Charity McCorkle Kerr were killed immediately. Mary Anderson was badly injured.

The 7 year old hotel, The Longhorn Store and Tavern, which had been hastily converted into a makeshift jail house, was not an old, worn out structure. But a fairly new, solid building and business.

It is also documented that the inner structures and supports of the building were actually weakened by Federal troops so as to make it collapse. In fact, many of the Federal guards had been drinking and celebrating after the collapse, and were overheard bragging and boasting as to the sabotage.

Obviously a criminal undermining of the building by troops intent on murdering the women out of spite and anger towards the Partisan Rangers.

The intense anguish Bill Anderson, The Youngers, McCorkle and others felt was overwhelming. Another particular act of premeditated murder which then laid the emotional and heart felt groundwork for the Raid On Lawrence, a mere 8 days later, on August 21, 1863.

To the Partisan Ranger, it was obviously time to have some "Pay Back" to avenge the crimes committed against innocent Missouri men, women and children.

Captain Quantrill's had been planning a raid on the Jayhawker capital of Lawrence. On August 21, 1863, this raid against Lawrence came to action and occurred between 5 and 9 a.m.

Approximately 400 Missouri Partisan Rangers came from the east and had been riding all night to make it there. The Partisan Rangers carried with them a "death list" of criminals and murderers they were looking for. The list had the names of 12 prominent leaders from Kansas.

On the very top of the list was James Lane, who made his home in the Jayhawker headquarters of Lawrence. The Missouri Partisan Rangers plan was not to kill Lane in Kansas. But they planned to capture Lane and bring him back to Missouri to hang for war crimes against Missouri & the Southern people.

It is said that Lane saw the Partisan Rangers advancing raid and ran and hid. At any rate, he was not found and barely made it through the Lawrence Raid with his life.

Although the Missouri Partisan Rangers found none of the men on their list, they killed approximately 150 men.

An estimated 85 widows and 250 children were left behind. Contrary to the Federal, yankee, Redleg & Jayhawker accounts, the Missouri Partisan Rangers never harmed a woman or child.

The residents of Lawrence, Kansas would hear William Clarke Quantrill's Confederate guerrillas shouting "Remember Osceola!" during the raid and it was then officially referred to by the Partisan rangers as "The Pay Back." By the third year of the war, a vast area of Missouri had been burned and depopulated. The western counties closest to Kansas were the hardest hit. Many former residents were either dead, had fled before torch and ambuscade, or had been evicted as a result of Union Brig. Gen. Thomas Ewing's notorious Order Number 11 of August 25, 1863, which mandated the removal of all western counties inhabitants and the burning of their homes so that they could not harbor Confederate guerrillas.

Even George Caleb Bingham, who was a successful artist, politician and pro Union man was terribly shaken and horrified at General Thomas Ewing's issuance of General Order Number 11.

Even as a staunch Unionist, Bingham was appalled by the consequences of Order Number 11 and wrote to General Thomas Ewing saying: "If you execute this order, I shall make you infamous with pen and brush."

George Caleb Bingham's historic painting of Order 11 immortalized this appalling war crime for all eternity.

While the Missouri Partisan Rangers war was far from over, the following words written by George Caleb Bingham sums up the evil, criminal and illegal war initiated by the yankees. We leave this section with Bingham's words:

"It is well-known that men were shot down in the very act of obeying the order, and their wagons and effects seized by their murderers. Large trains of wagons, extending over the prairies for miles in length, and moving Kansasward, were freighted with every description of household furniture and wearing apparel belonging to the exiled inhabitants. Dense columns of smoke arising in every direction marked the conflagrations of dwellings, many of the evidences of which are yet to be seen in the remains of seared and blackened chimneys, standing as melancholy monuments of a ruthless military despotism which spared neither age, sex, character, nor condition. There was neither aid nor protection afforded to the banished inhabitants by the heartless authority which expelled them from their rightful possessions. They crowded by hundreds upon the banks of the Missouri River, and were indebted to the charity of benevolent steamboat conductors for transportation to places of safety where friendly aid could be extended to them without danger to those who ventured to contribute it."


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