Missouri Ordinance Of Secession

An act declaring the political ties heretofore existing between the State of Missouri and the United States of America dissolved.

WHEREAS, the Government of the United States, in the possession and under the control of a sectional party, has wantonly violated the compact originally made between said Government and the State of Missouri, by invading with hostile armies the soil of the State, attacking and making prisoners the militia while legally assembled under the State laws, forcibly occupying the State capitol, and attempting through the instrumentality of domestic traitors to usurp the State government, seizing and destroying private property, and murdering with fiendish malignity peaceable citizens, men, women, and children, together with other acts of atrocity, indicating a deep-settled hostility toward the people of Missouri and their institutions; and

WHEREAS, the present Administration of the Government of the United States has utterly ignored the Constitution, subverted the Government as constructed and intended by its makers, and established a despotic and arbitrary power instead thereof: Now, therefore,

Be it enacted by the general assembly of the State of Missouri, That all political ties of every character new existing between the Government of the United States of America and the people and government of the State of Missouri are hereby dissolved, and the State of Missouri, resuming the sovereignty granted by compact to the said United States upon admission of said State into the Federal Union, does again take its place as a free and independent republic amongst the nations of the earth.

This act to take effect and be in force from and after its passage.

Passed by the Senate, October 28, 1861.
Passed by the House, October 30, 1861.
Signed into effect by Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson, October 31, 1861.

Source: Official Records, Ser. IV, vol. 1, pp. 752-53.

NOTE: The Missouri Ordinance Of Secession was passed by a rump legislature called into session and convened in the town and provisional capital of Neosho, Missouri by duly elected Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson - who (and his cabinet) had been illegally removed from office in Jefferson City Missouri by the Federal Occupational Forces under yankee General Lyon sent by Lincoln.

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